sábado, 20 de fevereiro de 2016

Arara

Toy Art Arara

#NameOther names or spellingsLinguistic familyDemographic information
15AraraArara do Pará, UkaragmaKarib

Brazilian State/CountryPopulationSource/year
PA363Siasi/Sesai 2012



The Arara became infamous for their bellicosity and the trophies from captured bodies of enemies - heads for flutes, necklaces of teeth and face scalps. But now, there they are quite easy, and the interaction with the outside world, and even for the incorporation of foreign to native world calls attention to other aspects of their way of life. The virtual overlap between the warlike passion and constant willingness to establish supportive and generous relations seems to have been a hallmark of an Arara world that today gives way to contact relationships with the white world.

segunda-feira, 15 de fevereiro de 2016

Kamayurá

Toy Art Kamayurá

#NamesOther names or spellingsLinguistic FamilyDemographic Information
80KamayuráKamayuráTupí-Guaraní

Brazilian Estate/
Country
PopulationSource/Year
MT467Ipeax 2011



The kamayurá people (also Camaiurás or Kamayuras) are a Brazilian indigenous group. Inhabitants of the Xingu Indigenous Park, on the banks of the dividing line between two major rivers of the Xingu watershed, the kamayurá people belong to the Tupi-Guarani ethnic and linguistic group, being inserted in the cultural district of the Upper Xingu.

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The kamayurá people have a traditional system characterized by heterogeneity, due to the intense intertribal marriage process and energetic cohesion ties they have with other Indian companies in the same geographic space.

Among the indigenous group, there exists a peculiar civil organization system, characterized by a unique complex of immense Community hollow circularly arranged around a public yard. This space, formed from the convergence of four major roads, intended for the celebration of the rites and traditions relating to the cosmology of the people. The housing, primarily made up of bamboo and straw, can reach thirty meters long and accommodate several families, according to ancestry held.

The society, though rigidly patriarchal, do not overlook the female role, charging the women of the protection of children, maintenance of domestic order, planting and harvesting of root crops and preparing food, while the responsibility of the man protein obtaining and the plantation cleaning in which will be planted cassava.

Location

At the time of the first non-Indian contact, led by the German ethnologist Karl von den Steinen, in 1886, the kamayurá people were in late stage sedentary, sitting near the Ipavu pond, where they remain to this day. According to traditional accounts, widely accepted among the indigenous, people would come from Wawitsa, located in the northern part of the park. The region, which flow into the main tributaries of the Xingu basin, has a prominent space in the cosmology of the ethnic group.

Physical organization

The Kamaiurá housing structures have distinguished influences of the high Xingu architectural style and can reach up to thirty meters long and ten meters high. With a wooden structure and mostly covered bamboo thatched or palm leaves, hollow enjoy collective status, showing no type of internal divisions. Marginally to the center of the room, from which protrudes a single wooden pillar, crowding the families of the clan, while the most internal environments are intended for food storage and maintenance of fire.

The village, in turn, is a single core settlement, consisting of a square (camaiurá language: hoka'yterip) plant in whose surroundings rise the huts, a circular distribution. Nuclear to hoka'yterip, stands the house of the flutes where acondicionam flutes used in shamanic rituals. Access to such a structure, and the use of flutes, is restricted to village men, blaming women who violate the ban worth of gang rape.

Anthropomorphic House of Kamayurá

The house is typical of the ethnic group that lives in the Xingu. It consists of an oval structure of 8 meters wide, 12 long and 6 high, with three central pillars. The hollow was already built many decades ago as part of the tradition of Kamayura and Yawalapitis, but to build this hollow, in particular, a project was created by Aiupu Kamayurá, who is an architect and teaches a few lessons of discipline "Construction of Knowledge" at the University of Brasilia, UnB.


Anthropomorphic House of Kamayurá - parts of the house are directly related to body parts

Anuiá, the son of Aiupu says that to make a hollow of this size are needed 13 men, who will work for about 15 days. "Even with the delay of three days because of the material, I think we'll be able to finish the hollow in time," says Anuiá. In Yawalapiti village in Xingu there is a main hollow call for them in the big house. This space is used for sleeping, eating and socializing. This hollow is 12 meters wide, 30 meters long and 10 meters high and holds about eight families.

According Anuiá are being used bamboo, nails, eucalyptus wood, straw and wire in building this hollow. They are about 48 eucalyptus stumps, three major trunks, plus more than 13,000 straws for coverage. In houses made in the village of Xingu, the Yawalapiti use other materials such as imbira (a kind of ties) and sapé (a specific straw found there).

The brother Anuiá, Wally, is learning from his father a little about architecture and explained how the structure of the hollow and the stages of construction. He said the foundation began to be made on Saturday and consists of three main pillars, the 48 stumps around and the finest trunks of eucalyptus, going to the top. With the arrival of materials, women helped peel the woods to continue building.

After this base, the finest trunks are tied to so-called "ribs" of the hollow, who hold the straw and also serve to tie the networks when it is ready. Are total four or five horizontal ribs which unite all the eucalyptus trees, giving the hollow oval. The higher the rib, it is lower. In the end, it made the finish of the frame and then the straws are woven, from the bottom up.

The labor

The work starts early, at 7:30 am. They stop for lunch and a little rest and in the afternoon, return to work. The construction of hollow, women's work is different from that done by men. They help peeling trunks and making the food. The men work directly with the construction, lifting the entire structure of the house.

At dusk, when the sun goes down, they conclude the work and prepare for the evening activities. Around eight hours, Kamayura dine and under the starry sky, perform their songs and rituals.

Cultural Habits

Admission of Indian young adult atmosphere requires a period of assisted closure, which usually starts by virtue of the first characters of puberty. During the cycle, teenagers are isolated in specific housing structure, where they have limited social contact to the presence of parents and grandparents. Those who keep such relationship, then commit themselves for productive education of indigenous, with particular emphasis on activities related to teen sex and how to perform them. On the occasion, the boys are educated about the practice of huka-huka, a ritual martial art often associated with cosmological festivities of the people.


Huka - Huka 


Although, for teenagers, early seclusion is tightly related to the menstruation, for male ones require the mutual consent of their parents. The education process extends indefinitely, and yet the female permanence rarely extends for more than a year, the boys can espaçarem-enclosed for up to five times, interspersed with brief access freedom. During the occasion, the girls have their knees tied together by fibrous cords, so that the calf will become more robust by fluid buildup. Similarly, they are deprived of a haircut, so that at the end of the rite, the long strands of fringe obscure part of their faces. Once the capillary extension of adolescents reaches chin height, they are released from confinement.

he average duration of the rite is related to hereditary status that accompanies the young, so that more reclusive space implies proportionately greater power and importance among the Indians of the village. At the end of the cloister, it is given a final name to the young man who comes to replace the name given by virtue of his birth. The time mark, similarly, the ability to double rites.

Completing a remarkable cultural space, infanticide is often associated with cultural people's system, although they have no exclusivity in carrying out the practice. The children of a single mother, congenital malformation holders and twins, are the main targets of this ritual, which, although it is quite rooted in the context of people's traditions, generates differences between the village members themselves. Newborns indigenous when they fall into any of the aforementioned reasons, are usually buried still alive, but may also be executed by drowning. Currently, kamayurá people every year, despite the FUNAI offer adoption services for children rejected kill approximately thirty indigenous children.

Recreational games and activities

The playful repertoire of indigenous Kamayura, characterized by an outstanding diversity of performative expressions, presents itself in the form of jokes and games to enjoy remarkable popularity among the members of the group. Such activities, especially practiced by children and men of the tribe, make up an important part of everyday life of the people and can, incidentally, involve specific instruments to an end. Some of these tools have unique mechanisms, like a curious child's toy, which made from bamboo and jute yarn, throws a weak jet of water under pressure.

Mojarutap Myrytsiowit: cat bed of play, as it is known in Portuguese, is the production of several figures using two fibrous cords rolled between the fingers. The resulting forms, usually geometric or anthropomorphic, constitute one of the most outstanding examples of creative production of kamayurá people having clear influence of traditional folk cosmology.

Jawari: using a kind of blowgun, produced especially for this purpose, a group of competitors launch artifacts pointed toward a fence previously organized sticks. Behind the fence, line up the other revelers, so that it works as a shield against the spears hurled by competitors. As the spears reach the sticks forming a wobbly wall, the Indians who were originally behind this wall must deviate from the arrows, without, however, move their feet.

Society

The Kamayura society is organized into well-defined hierarchies estamentárias, characterized by strong patriarchy and usually transmitted by heredity. The tribal chief, the chief, is the maximum attainable status within the village limits, serving mediator roles and regulatory conflicts among the other Indians. The Shaman charge of shamanic rites, in turn, focuses minimized political powers, nevertheless brings with it great prestige and appreciation among the members of the tribe. In some cases, an indigenous one can concentrate mystical and political powers, which further increases the individual's reputation.


Feminine attire Kamayurá

They live in burrows family, which usually revolve around a group of brothers who may or may not be accompanied by parallel cousins and ancestors. The leader of the domestic space, known as the master of the house (camaiurá: morerekwat), is in charge of the distribution of daily tasks between satellites clans. There, among the village members, a strong polygamous tradition, so that a large number of wives indicates proportionately greater social status. Her husband, the acquisition of a new wife calls and the possibility of keeping them in comfortable conditions, permission of existing ones.

Traditionally, young newlyweds must reside for a predetermined period of time with the in-laws, performing favors in thanks to the transfer of her daughter. Fulfilled the agreement, the couple can choose which residence is established, which is usually the husband's house of origin.

Aikanã

Toy Art Aikanã

#NameOuther names or spellings linguistic FamilyDemographic Information
1AikanãMassacá, Tubarão, Columbiara, Mundé, Huari, AikanáAikaná
Brazilian Estate / CountryPopulationSource/Year
RO328Siasi/Sesai 2012

The Aicanãs (also known as Aikanã, Massaca massaka, Huari, Corumbiará, Kasupá, Munde, Shark, Winzankyi) is a Brazilian indigenous people. They speak the language aicanã.

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The Aicanãns worship the myth of Kiantô, a giant snake with rainbow colors presiding over the realm of water.

The Indigenous Land that now inhabits most Aikanã does not correspond to their traditional territory. (See list of "Inhabited Lands" in the right menu) were taken there by Funai in 1970, along with two other indigenous peoples. Given the low fertility of the soil, they drew sustenance from the syringe, but, due to the fall in the price of the product, now encounter serious difficulties in their physical and cultural reproduction. Far from to resign themselves to this situation, Aikanã currently developing cultural development projects and seek to keep alive the language through bilingual schooling.

History

According to information given by Aikanã own until the time of their transfer, they inhabited rich lands nearby Tanaru, one of the smallest rivers in the region, the River Pimenta Bueno.

To be removed for the current Indigenous Land, they were taken with two other people, both very small number, the Koazá (also spelled Kwaza), then known as Arara, and Latundê. It is noteworthy that these were different people, each bringing their culture and speaking their own language. In stories of their ancestors, the Aikanã describe Koazá as fierce warriors, dangerous sorcerers and their bitter enemies.

According to anthropologist and researcher Price (1981), in 1940 the Indian Protection Service has opened a service center in Igarapé Cascade, a tributary of the Pimenta Bueno, and were brought there several indigenous groups, including the Aikanã. Here, then, measles and strong colds caused the death of a large number of individuals, these leaving groups significantly reduced. The oldest Aikanã confirms these facts.

Apparently, the first closer contacts that we know of between Aikanã and the non-indigenous population was in the early 1940s, through geological engineer Vitor Dequech, whom I had the opportunity to meet in the 1990s with a team prepared for minerals survey sent by General Rondon, between 1941 and 1943, led the Dequech Urucumacuan Expedition, who traveled through the area for potential gold deposits in the Pimenta Bueno river and its tributaries. In that period, kept frequent contacts with the Indians of the region, including Aikanã - that he referred to as "Massaca" and documented in detail, all the contacts and activities undertaken during his trip. This contact is recorded in past issues of the Journal High Wood, published in those years in Porto Velho.

Aikanã is the name of one of about forty indigenous peoples who inhabit the state of Rondonia, especially in the known region of the Guaporé, the so-called 'lowlands' of the Amazon. The Guaporé River is the main divider between the borders of this state with Bolivia.

In 2005, most Aikanã live in three villages in the Indigenous Land Shark Latundê, them designated by Incra in 1970. This area of sandy and corroded by erosion terrain is in the southeastern state of Rondônia, about 180 km the city of Vilhena and around 100 km from the border between Brazil and Bolivia. The nearest rivers are the Chupinguaia and Pimenta Bueno, but access to them is greatly hindered. There are still many Aikanã living in nearby towns, especially Vilhena.

In the first contact made with Aikanã by this researcher, in December 1988, there were a total of 85 individuals. In 2005, Aikanã numbered about 180 people.

List of Brazilian indigenous peoples of Brazil


This list brought together more than 241 ethnic groups of Indigenous people in Brazil.

I’ve used Pib Socioambiental framework for this study, it was the most organized and well arranged research on the subject, so by clicking on a specific ethnic group that does not have an illustrated character, the link will led you to original site. Unfortunately, texts still are written in Portuguese, but in time, I’ll translate all of them into English.


.
know more about Luiz Pagano's project 

#_______ NomesOutros nomes ou grafiasFamília linguísticaInformações demográficas
1AikanãMassacá, Tubarão, Columbiara, Mundé, Huari, AikanáAikaná
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO328Siasi/Sesai 2012
2AikewaraSuruí, Sororós, AikewaraTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA351Siasi/Sesai 2012
3AkuntsuAkunt'suTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO5Siasi/Sesai 2012
4AmanayêAmanaié, AraradeuaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA131Siasi/Sesai 2012
5AmondawaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO113Siasi/Sesai 2012
6AnacéAnacé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE1281Siasi/Sesai 2012
7AnambéTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA131Siasi/Sesai 2012
8AparaíApalai, Apalay, Appirois, Aparathy, Apareilles, AparaiKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA466Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana Francesa40Eliane Camargo 2011
Suriname10Eliane Camargo 2011
9ApiakáApiacáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT. PA844Siasi/Sesai 2012
10ApinajéApinaié, Apinajés, Timbira, Apinayé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO2412Siasi/Sesai 2012
11ApurinãIpurina, PopukareAruak-maipure
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, MT,RO8300Siasi/Sesai 2012
12AranãAranã
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG362Funasa 2010
13ArapasoArapasso, ArapaçoTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM414Siasi/Sesai 2012
14ArapiunsArapium
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
2204Siasi/Sesai 2012
15AraraArara do Pará, UkaragmaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA363Siasi/Sesai 2012
16Arara da Volta Grande do XinguArara do MaiaArara
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA110Siasi/Sesai 2012
17Arara do Rio AmôniaApolima-Arara, Arara Apolima
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC297Siasi/Sesai 2012
18Arara do Rio BrancoArara do Beiradão, Arara do AripuanãArara
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT391Siasi/Sesai 2012
19Arara ShawãdawaArara do Acre, ShawanauaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC545Siasi/Sesai 2012
20ArawetéAraueté, BïdeTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA450Siasi/Sesai 2012
21ArikapúJabuti
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO34Siasi/Sesai 2012
22AruáMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO133Siasi/Sesai 2012
23AshaninkaKampa, AshenikaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC1291Siasi/Sesai 2012
Peru97477INEI 2007
24Asurini do TocantinsAkuawa, AsuriniTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO516Siasi/Sesai 2012
25Asurini do XingúAssurini, AwaeteTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA165Siasi/Sesai 2012
26AtikumAticum
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE, BA7929Siasi/Sesai 2012
27Avá-CanoeiroCanoeiro, Cara-Preta, CarijóTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO, GO, MG25Siasi/Sedsi 2012
28AwetiAwytyza, Enumaniá, Anumaniá, AuetöAweti
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT195Ipeax 2011
29BakairiBacairi, Kurã, KurâKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT930Siasi/Sesai 2012
30BanawáArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM200Siasi/Sesai 2012
31BaniwaBaniva, Baniua, Curipaco, WalimanaiAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM6243Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia70002000
Venezuela2408INE 2001
32BaráBara tukano, WaípinõmakãTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM22Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia2961988
33BarasanaPanenoáTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM47Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia9391998
34BaréHaneraAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM10623Siasi/Sesai 2012
Venezuela2815INE 2001
35Borari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA
36BororoCoxiponé, Araripoconé, Araés, Cuiabá, Coroados, Porrudos, BoeBororo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT1686Siasi/Sesai 2012
37Canela ApanyekráCanela, Timbira
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA1076Siasi/Sesai 2012
38Canela RamkokamekráCanela, Timbira
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA2175Siasi/Sesai 2012
39ChamacocoSamuko
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS40Grumberg 1994
Paraguai1515II Censo Nacional Indígena 2002
40Charrua
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Argentina676INDEC 2004
RS27Siasi/Sesai 2012
41ChiquitanoChiquitoChiquito
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia108206Censo Nacional 2001
MT473Siasi/Funasa 2012
42Cinta largaMatetamãeMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1758Siasi/Sesai 2012
43CoripacoCuripaco, Curripaco, KuripakoAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1504Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia7827Arango e Sánchez 2004
Venezuela4925INEI 2001
44DeniJamamadiArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1394Siasi/Sesai 2012
45DesanaDesano, DessanoTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM2028Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia20361998
46DjeoromitxiJabotiJabuti
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO215Siasi/Sesai 2012
47DowMaku, Kamã, Nukak MakuMakú
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM110DSEI Alto Rio Negro 2013
48Enawenê-NawêEnauenê nauê, Salumã, Enawenê-nawêAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT641Siasi/Sesai 2012
49Fulni-ôIa-tê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE4687Siasi/Sesai 2012
50Galibi do OiapoqueGalibi, KalinãKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP82Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana Francesa3000OkaMag 2002
Suriname3000OkaMag 2002
Venezuela11150OkaMag 2002
51Galibi-MarwornoGalibi do Uaçá, AruáCreoulo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP2377Siasi/Sesai 2001
52Gavião ParkatêjêGavião do Mãe Maria, Gavião do Oeste, Timbira, Parkatejê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA627Siasi/Sesai 2012
53Gavião PykopjêGavião do Maranhão, Gavião Pukobiê, Gavião do Leste, Timbira, Pykopcatejê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA740Siasi/Sesai 2012
54Guajá / Awa-GuajáAvá, AwáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA365Siasi/Sesai 2012
55GuajajaraGuajajara, TeneteharaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA26040Siasi/Sesai 2012
56Guarani MbyaKaiowá, Mbya, ÑandevaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Argentina6500CTI/Grünberg 2008
Bolivia78359INE/Bolivia 2001
MS,SP,PR,RS,RJ,ES57923Siasi/Sesai 2012
Paraguai41200CTI/Grünberg 2008
57GuatóGuató
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS, MT374Siasi/Sesai 2012
58HixkaryanaHixkarianaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA,AM1242Siasi/Sesai 2012
59HupdaMaku, MacuMakú
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1000Patricia 2012
Colombia500Patriciia 2012
60IkolenGavião de Rondônia, Gavião Ikolen, DigutMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO603Siasi/Sesai 2012
61IkpengTxicão, IkpengKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT454Siasi/Sesai 2012
62IngarikóAkawaio, KaponKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR1231Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana40001990
Venezuela7281992
63Iranxé MonokiIrantxe, ManokiIranxe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT396Siasi/Sesai 2012
64JamamadiYamamadi, KanamantiArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM890Siasi?Sesai 2012
65JarawaraJarauaraArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM218Funasa 2010
66JavaéKarajá/Javaé, Itya MahãduKarajá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
GO, TO1456Funasa 2009
67Jenipapo-KanindéPayaku
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE302Funasa 2010
68JiahuiJahoi, Diarroi, Djarroi, Parintintin, Diahoi, Diahui, KagwaniwaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM97Funasa 2010
69JiripancóJeripancó, Geripancó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL2074Funasa 2010
70JumaYumaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO4Luciana França 2010
71Ka'aporUrubu Kaapor, KaaporTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA, PA991Funasa 2006
72KadiwéuKaduveo, Caduveo, Kadivéu, KadiveoGuaikuru
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS1346Funasa 2009
73KaiabiKawaiwete, Kayabi, Caiabi, Kaiaby, Kajabi, CajabiTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT2202Siasi/Sesai 2012
74Kaimbé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA710Funasa 2006
75KaingangGuayanás
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PR, RS, SC, SP33064Funasa 2009
76KaixanaCaixana
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM572Funasa 2010
77Kalabaça
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE221Funasa 2010
78KalankóCacalancó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL390Funasa 2009
79KalapaloKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT385Ipeax 2011
80KamayuráKamayuráTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT467Ipeax 2011
81Kamba
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS
82KambebaCambemba, OmaguáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM780Funasa 2010
Peru3500Benedito Maciel 1994
83KambiwáCambiua

UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE2954Funasa 2010
84KanamariCanamari, TukunaKatukina
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM3167Funasa 2010
85Kanindé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE714Funasa 2010
86KanoêCanoe, Kapixaná, KapixanãKanoe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO282Siasi/Sesai 2012
87KantaruréCantaruré, Pankararu
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA340Funasa 2010
88KapinawaCapinawa
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE3702Funasa 2009
89KarajáCaraiauna, InyKarajá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
GO, MT, PA, TO3198Funasa 2010
90Karajá do NorteXambioá, Ixybiowa, Iraru Mahãndu, Karajá do NorteKarajá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO268Funasa 2010
91KarapanãMuteamasa, UkopinõpõnaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM63Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia4121988
92Karapotó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL2189Funasa 2006
93Karipuna de RondôniaAhé, Karipuna, AhéTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO28Funasa 2010
94Karipuna do AmapáCreoulo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP2421Funasa 2010
95Kariri
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE118Funasa 2010
96Kariri-XokóCariri-xocóKariri-Xocó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL2311Funasa 2009
97KaritianaCaritiana, YjxaArikén
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO3202005
98KaroArara de Rondônia, Arara Karo, Arara Tupi, Ntogapíd, Ramaráma, Urukú, Urumí, I´târapRamarama
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO208Kanindé 2006
99Karuazu
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL1013Funasa 2010
100KassupáAikaná
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO210MPF em RO 2011
101KatuenayanaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, PA, RR133Funasa 2010
102KatukinaTukunaKatukina do Rio Biá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM462Funasa 2010
103Katukina PanoPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC594Funasa 2010
104KaxarariCaxarariPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, RO318Funasa 2010
105KaxinawáCashinauá, Caxinauá, Huni Kuin, huni kuinPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC7535Funasa 2010
Peru2419INEI 2007
106Kaxixó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG308Funasa 2010
107KaxuyanaCaxuiana, KatxuyanaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA350João do Valle Kaxuyana 2009
108KayapóKaiapó, Caiapó, Gorotire, Mekrãgnoti, Kuben-Kran-Krên, Kôkraimôrô, Metyktire, Xikrin, Kararaô, Mebengokre
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, PA8638Funasa 2010
109KinikinauKinikinao, Kinikinawa, GuanáAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS250Souza 2005
110KiririKariri
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA2182Funasa 2010
111KisidjêSuyá, Kisidjê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT330Unifesp 2010
112Koiupanká
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL1263Funasa 2009
113KokamaCocama, KocamaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM9636Funasa 2010
Colombia2361988
Peru11370INEI 2007
114KoruboPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM27FPEVJ 2010
115KotiriaWananaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM735Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia11131988
116KrahôCraô, Kraô, Timbira, Mehin
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO2463Funasa 2010
117Krahô-Kanela
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO84Funasa 2010
118KrenakCrenaque, Crenac, Krenac, Botocudos, Aimorés, KrénKrenák
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, MG, SP350Funasa 2010
119KrenyêTimbira
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA
120KrepumkateyêTimbira
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA
121KrikatíKricati, Kricatijê, Põcatêjê, Timbira, Kricatijê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA921Funasa 2010
122KubeoCubeo, Cobewa, Kubéwa, PamíwaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM489Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia42381988
Venezuela25INEI 2001
123KuikuroIpatse ótomo, Ahukugi ótomo, Lahatuá ótomoKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT522Ipeax 2011
124KujubimKuyubiTxapakura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO55Funasa 2006
125KulinaCulina, Madiha, MadijaArawa
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM5558Funasa 2010
Peru417INEI 2007
126Kulina PanoCulinaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM134Funasa 2010
127KuntanawaKontanawa, ContanawaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC400Pantoja 2008
128KuruayaXipáia-Kuruáia, KuruaiaMunduruku
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA159Funai/Altamira 2010
129KwazáCoaiá, KoaiáKoazá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO40Van der Voort 2008
130MakunaYeba-masãTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM32Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia528Colômbia 1988
131MakurapMacurapTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO478Funasa 2010
132MakuxiMacuxi, Macushi, PemonKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR29931Funasa 2010
Guiana9500Guiana 2001
Venezuela83INEI 2001
133ManchineriMachineri, YineAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia15Censo Nacional 2001
AC997Siasi/Sesai 2012
Peru90INEI 2007
134MaruboPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1705Funasa 2010
135MatipuKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT149Ipeax 2011
136MatisMushabo, Deshan MikitboPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM390Funasa 2010
137MatsésMayorunaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1592Funasa 2006
Peru1724INEI 2007
138MaxakaliMaxacalis, Monacó, Kumanuxú, Tikmuún, Kumanaxú - tikmu'únMaxakali
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG1500Funasa 2010
139MehinakoMeinaco, Meinacu, MeinakuAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT254Ipeax 2011
140Menky ManokiMunku, Menku, Myky, ManokiIranxe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT102Funasa 2010
141MiguelenoMiqueleno
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO2422010
142MiranhaMiranaBora
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM836Funasa 2006
Colombia445Colômbia 1988
143Mirity-tapuyaBuia-tapuyaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM75Dsei/Foirn 2005
144MundurukuMundurucu, Maytapu, Cara Preta, WuyjuyuMunduruku
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, MT, PA11630Funasa 2010
145MuraMura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM15713Funasa 2010
146NadöbMacú Nadob; Maku NadebMakú
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM
147NahukuáNafukwá, Nahkwá, Nafuquá, NahukwáKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT126Ipeax 2011
148NambikwaraNambiquara, AnunsuNambikwára
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1950Funasa 2010
149NaruvotuKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT81Fiorini 2003
150NawaNáua
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC423Correia 2005
151NukiniNuquiniPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC622Funasa 2010
152OfaiéOfaié-XavanteOfayé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS60Funasa 2010
153Oro WinOro Towati', Oroin, Uruin, Oro Win, Oro Towati'Txapakura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO73Funasa 2010
154PalikurParicuria, Paricores, Palincur, Parikurene, Parinkur-Iéne, Païkwené, PaïkwenéAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP1293Iepé 2010
Guiana Francesa720Passes 1994
155PanaráKreen-Akarore, Krenhakore, Krenakore, Índios Gigantes
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, PA437Funasa 2010
156Pankaiuká
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE
157Pankará
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE2558Funasa 2010
158Pancararé
Pancararé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA1640Funasa 2010
159Pankararu
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG, PE, SP8477Funasa 2010
160PankaruPankararu-Salambaia
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA179Funasa 2006
161ParakanãTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA1266Funai/Altamira 2010
162ParesiPareci, Halíti, AritíAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1955Siasi/Sesai 2012
163ParintintinCabahybaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM418Funasa 2010
164PatamonaIngarikó, KaponKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR128Funasa 2010
Guiana55001990
165PataxóPatachó, Patashó, PatasoPatxó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA, MG11833Funasa 2010
166Pataxó Hã-Hã-Hãe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA2375Funasa 2010
167PaumariPamoariArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1559Funasa 2010
168Payayá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA
169Pipipã
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE1640Funasa 2006
170PirahãMura PirahãMura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM420Funasa 2010
171Pira-tapuyaPiratapuya, Piratapuyo, Piratuapuia, Pira-TapuyaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1433Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia4001988
172PitaguaryPotiguara, Pitaguari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE3793Funasa 2010
173Potiguara
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE, PB16095Funasa 2009
174Puroborá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO209Funasa 2010
175PuyanawaPoianauaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC540Funasa 2010
176RikbaktsáErigbaktsa, Canoeiros, Orelhas de Pau, RikbaktsáRikbaktsá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT1324Funasa 2010
177SakurabiatSakiriabar, Mequéns, SakurabiatTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO161Funasa 2010
178Sateré MawéSateré-MauéMawé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM10761Funasa 2010
179ShanenawaKatukina Shanenawa, ShanenawaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC411Funasa 2010
180SirianoTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM71Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia6651988
181Surui PaiterPaiter, PaiterMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1172Funasa 2010
182TabajaraTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE2982Funasa 2010
183TapayunaBeiço de pau, Suyá Novos, Suyá Ocidentais, Kajkwakratxi, Kajkwakratxi
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT160Ropkrãse Suiá e Teptanti Suiá 2010
184TapebaTapebano, Perna-de-pau
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE6600Funasa 2010
185TapirapéTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, TO655Funasa 2010
186TapuioTapuya, Tapuia
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
GO298Funai/Goiás Velho 2010
187TarianaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM2067Funasa 2010
Colombia2051988
188TatuyoPamoa-masaTukano
189TaurepangTaulipang, Taurepangue, Taulipangue, PemonKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR673Funasa 2010
Venezuela27157INE 2001
190TembéTeneteharaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, PA1502Funasa 2010
191TenharimKagwahivaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM703Funasa 2010
192TerenaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, MS, SP24776Funasa 2009
193TicunaTikuna, Tukuna, MagutaTikuna
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM36377Funasa 2009
Colombia8000Goulard, J. P. 2011
Peru6982INEI 2007
194Tingui Botó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL390Siasi/Sesai 2012
195TiriyóTirió, Trio, Tarona, Yawi, Pianokoto, Piano, Wü tarëno, Txukuyana, Ewarhuyana, AkuriyóKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP, PA1464Funasa 2010
Suriname1845Ellen-Rose Kambel 2006
196ToráTxapakura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM312Funasa 2006
197Tremembé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE2971Funasa 2010
198Truká
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA, PE3078Funasa 2009
199TrumaiTrumái
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT97Ipeax 2011
200Tsohom-dyapaTucano, Tukano, Tukún Djapá, Tukano Djapá, Txunhuân Djapá, Tsunhuam Djapa,Katukina
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM
201TukanoYe´pâ-masa, DaseaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM6241Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia63301988
Venezuela11INE 2001
202Tumbalalá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA1160Funasa 2010
203TunayanaKaríb
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA
204TupariTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO517Funasa 2010
205TupinambáTupinambáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA4729Funasa 2009
206TupinikimTupiniquimTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
ES2630Funasa 2010
207Turiwara
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA
208Tuxá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL, BA, PE2142Funasa 2010
209TuyukaTuiucaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM825Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia5701988
210UmutinaBarbados, OmotinaBororo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT445Associação Indígena Umutina Otoparé 2009
211Uru-Eu-Wau-WauBocas-negras, Bocas-pretas, Cautários, Sotérios, Cabeça-vermelha, Urupain, Jupaú, Amondawa, Urupain, Parakuara, JurureísTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO115Funasa 2010
212Waimiri AtroariKinja, Kiña, Uaimiry, CrichanáKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1515PWA 2011
213WaiwaiKaríb
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, PA, RR2914Zea 2005
Guiana170Weparu Alemán 2006
214WajãpiWayapi, Wajapi, OiampiTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP,PA956Siasi/Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa950Grenand 2009
215WajuruTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO240Siasi/Sesai 2012
216WapixanaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR7832Funasa 2010
Guiana6000Forte 1990
Venezuela17INE 2001
217WarekenaWerekenaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM887Funasa 2010
Venezuela513INE 2001
218Wari'Uari, Wari, Pakaá NovaTxapakura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO2721Funasa 2006
219Wassu
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL1806Funasa 2010
220WaujaWauráAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT529Siasi/Sesai 2012
221WayanaUpurui, Roucouyen, Orkokoyana, Urucuiana, Urukuyana, Alucuyana, WayanaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP, PA304Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa800Lopes 2002
Suriname500Lopes 2002
222WitotoUitotoWitoto
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM44Funasa 2010
Colombia59391988
Peru1864INEI 2007
223Xakriabá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG9196Funasa 2010
224XavanteAkwe, A´uwe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT15315Funasa 2010
225XerenteAcuen, Akwen, Akwê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO3017Funasa 2010
226Xetáhéta, chetá, setáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PR86da Silva 2006
227XipayaXipáyaJuruna
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA84Funai/Altamira 2010
228XoklengAweikoma, Xokrén, Kaingang de Santa Catarina, Aweikoma-Kaingang, Laklanõ
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
SC1853Funasa 2010
229XokóChocó, Xocó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
SE400Funasa 2010
230XukuruXucuruXukuru
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE12139Funasa 2010
231Xukuru-KaririXucuru
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL, BA2926Funasa 2010
232YaminawáIaminaua, JaminawaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia6301997
AC, AM1298Funasa 2010
Peru600INEI 2007
233YanomamiYanoama, Yanomani, IanomamiYanomami
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR, AM19338DSEI Yanomami - Sesai 2011
Venezuela160002009
234YawalapitiAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT156Ipeax 2011
235YawanawáIauanauaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia6301993
AC541Funasa 2010
Peru3241993
236Ye'KuanaYecuana, Maiongong, So'toKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR471Sesai 2011
Venezuela6523INE 2001
237YudjáYuruna, Sanumá, Juruna, YudjaJuruna
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT348Unifesp 2010
238YuhupdeMacu; Maku YuhúpMakú
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM
239Zo'éPoturuTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA256Cartagenes 2010
240ZoróPangyjejMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT625Associação Povo Indígena Zoró Pangyjej 2010
241ZuruahãSuruwahá, Índios do CoxodoáArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM142Funasa 2010